HRAF Advanced Research Centers

About hrafARC

The HRAF Advanced Research Centers (hrafARC) aim to promote basic and applied research in anthropology and to encourage and support comparative and cross-cultural research. More specifically, hrafARC aims to further the development of anthropology through comparative knowledge based on testable theory, sound research design and systematic methods for the collection and analysis of data. We seek to fulfill the historic mission of anthropology to describe and explain the range of variation in human biology, society, and culture across time and space. 

The main headquarters is at the Human Relations Area Files (HRAF) building in New Haven, CT (755 Prospect Street).  HRAF is a nonprofit membership consortium affiliated with Yale University.  Carol R. Ember directs hrafARC in New Haven and Michael Fischer directs hrafARC  in the UK--see

hrafARC Current Research

We have recently completed a 5-year NSF-funded interdisciplinary project “Natural Hazards and Cultural Transformations.” Researchers from cultural anthropology, archaeology, psychology, geography and climatology conducted three types of comparisons--a worldwide cross-cultural comparison using ethnographic data, an diachronic archaeological comparison of 32 traditions before and after major severe climate events, and a comparison of countries.  We are looking at a broad variety of possible cultural transformations in response to hazards.  These range from diet and subsistence diversity, property systems, mutual aid, political economy, general cultural “tightness" and beliefs about gods involvement with weather.  All of these domains have been newly coded for this project.   Read more ...

hrafARC Data Repository

Peregrine, Peter N. 2017. “Political Participation and Long-Term Resilience in Pre-Columbian Societies.”  Disaster Prevention and Management 26(3).

Peregrine, Peter N. 2018 "Social Resilience to Climate-Related Disasters in Ancient Societies: A Test of Two Hypotheses." Weather, Climate and Society 10(1): 145-161.

Peregrine, Peter N. 2019. "Reducing Post-Disaster Conflict: A Cross-Cultural Analysis Using Archaeological Data."  Environmental Hazards, 18:2, 93-110, DOI: 10.1080/17477891.2018.1476317

Peregrine, Peter N. n.d. "Designing Social Resilience to Disaster: Political Participation, Societal Tightness, and Social Capital."  Environmental Research Letters.  (under review)

Ember, Carol R., Eric C. Jones, Ian Skoggard and Teferi Abate Adem. 2019. "Warfare, Atrocities, and Political Participation: Eastern Africa."
Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research 11(1):11-23,

Ember, Carol R., Ian Skoggard, Erik J. Ringen, and Megan Farrer. 2018. "Our Better Nature:  Does Resource Stress Predict Beyond-Household Sharing?" Evolution & Human Behavior 39 (4): 380-391.

Ember, Carol R., Teferi Abate Adem, Tahlisa Brougham, and Emily Pitek. 2020. “Predictors of land privatization: Cross-cultural tests of defendability and resource stress theory” American Anthropologist. Forthcoming

Felzer, B.S., Ember, C.R., Chiang, R., and Jiang, M. 2019. The relationships of extreme precipitation and temperature events with ethnographic reports of droughts and floods in nonindustrial societies. Weather, Climate, and Society. Early release at: 

hrafArc Development

Development Team Notes (Internal only)

Development Summary (Internal Only)

Created by HRAFArc on 2014/09/03 03:43
Last modified by HRAFArc on 2019/12/14 11:32


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